There are lots of rhymes to develop number learning, but Sam Dixon has five imaginative ideas you may not have tried to link maths and music…
This activity uses the song ‘The Numbers after Ten’. Let the children listen to the song all the way through. Then break it into a ‘question and answer’ format, so that the teacher sings the first part of each phrase and the children answer with the relevant number. Eventually the children should be able to join in with the whole song.
‘The Numbers after Ten’ can be used to play a game I call ‘The Number Get Together’. Print out a set of number cards (freely available online) so that the children can visualise each number as it appears in the song. Give one child the number card that represents the 10 unit and nine children the other single digits number cards. As the song is sung, the child with the initial ‘1’ (tens unit) must find the right partner to make the number 11, 12, 13, and so on. The children who are watching should begin to see how the double digit number is formed, using the initial 10, plus the number that follows it.
Using a keyboard (either real or a picture) ask the children to try to sing an ascending scale of notes, singing the number as they go. To get to 20 is really an impossible task, but is a lot of fun. Remember to start really low!
Make some card stepping stones that each have one number written on them, from 1–20. Lay them on the floor in a random pattern. Play some recorded music for the children to dance around to. When the music stops they must all jump onto a stepping stone. Ask individual children what number they have landed on and to play that many sounds on a percussion instrument. Vary the music and demonstrate how the children can move in different ways to reflect fast, slow, jerky, smooth, happy or sad.
You will need two different types of percussion instrument for this game. Give half the class one type (say a shaker), and give another child a different one (perhaps a tambourine). Ask the children with shakers to shake their instrument 10 times, counting as they go. Then ask the person with the tambourine to carry on up to a given number (for example, 15). They must play five more sounds on the tambourine. This makes a clear distinction between 10 and 5, to make 15 sounds altogether.
To play this game the children need to have a firm feeling of the beat in their bodies. Explain that some music is good to march to. Play some marching music counting “1, 2, 3, 4” and calling “left, right, left, right!” ‘The Imperial March’ from Star Wars, John Philip Sousa’s March, and The British Grenadiers are all good examples.
Explain that other music is good for dancing: for example, a special dance called the waltz. To dance the waltz you have to be good at counting to three. Use one of the children as a partner and stand opposite each other holding hands. As the music plays, demonstrate how he/she can step and sway from left to right counting to three on each side. Use recorded music with a steady beat, e.g. Dimitri Shostakovich’s ‘Waltz No.2’, Tchaikovsky’s ‘Waltz of the Flowers’, or a Valse Musette on Accordion (Google this for examples!). Say “Bom cha cha, Bom cha cha” and count aloud in time with the music as you dance.
Tell the children that you are going to choose some march music or some waltz music and they must listen and decide which it is. When the music starts again they join in by either marching around the room or waltzing with their partner.
Sam Dixon teaches class music at Brighton College.